Fulton Armory

The M1 and M14/M1A National Match Rear (and Front) Sights

NM Rear Sight Photo

Now that you've got your National Match rear sight assembly, here's how to install and use it!


A. The two aperture assemblies are identical except for the eyepieces which have different peep hole diameters. The aperture with the .0595 in. peep hole will be installed as standard with the .0520 diameter aperture available as an alternate.

The hooded eyepiece is designed to eliminate glare and reflections on the sight aperture, and to provide 1/2 minute changes in elevation. Each eyepiece is selectively fitted and matched with its individual aperture. You should not attempt to disassemble the aperture assembly or to change eyepieces on an aperture.

The peep hole is .002in. vertically eccentric with the other diameters of the eyepiece. Thus rotating the eyepiece 180 degrees clockwise or counter-clockwise raises and lowers the line of sight. Two spring-loaded balls in the eyepiece engage a vertical "v" notch in the face of the aperture to retain the eyepiece in each position. The position of the eyepiece is indicated by a notch at the rear face of the eyepiece.

Each click of the elevation knob gives a change of 1 minute. Rotating the eyepiece so that the indicator notch is at the top moves the point of impact of the bullet up 1/2 minute. With the indicator notch at the bottom, the point of impact of the bullet will be moved down 1/2 minute. In operation you would use the elevation knob to get just above or just below your desired point of impact, and then rotate the eyepiece up to get an additional 1/2 minute of elevation or down to lose a 1/2 minute.

B. The National Match sight base marked "NM/2A" is undercut to accept the hooded eyepiece. The 64 pitch thread of this sight base and of the National Match windage knob produce a 1/2 minute change in windage for each click of the knob. Thus the National Match Rear Sight is capable of 1/2 minute sight changes for both windage and elevation.

C. The National Match front sight has a blade width of .065 -.005, and is identified by the letters "NM" and the numbers "062" on its right side. The width of the sight blade of the standard M1 or M14 rifle is .084 -.010.


A. Using a fine file, modify the underside and end of the aperture as shown, so that the aperture will not bottom out in the rear sight receiver well.

Fitting the rear sight aperture to the rear sight well

Figure 2A: Fitting the aperture to the rear sight well

B. To fit the aperture to the NM/2A base, the outside edges have to be brought in by stoning or with a fine file. Remove the same amount of metal from both sides slowly, checking the fit often. You want this to be a tight fit with no play from left to right.

Fitting the rear sight aperture to the NM/2A base

Figure 2B: Fitting the aperture to the NM/2A base


Installing the NM rear sight assembly

Extreme care should be used in handling the parts. Both the windage knob and rear sight base have a fine pitch thread. Because of the precision made threads, particular attention should be given to the following both prior to and during assembly:

A. Insert the rear sight base through the opening of the cover.

B. Place the front lip of the cover into the recess at the forward portion of the rear sight receiver well. Raise the base slightly, exposing the rear portion of the cover. With a screwdriver, apply pressure to the rear of the cover in a horizontal direction until the cover snaps into place and is firmly retained by the receiver.

C. Insert the aperture assembly into the aperture groove in the base and lower it until it bottoms against the receiver.

D. Caution should be exercised in starting the windage knob threads into the rear sight base to preclude the danger of cross-threading. Mating threads must be free of all foreign matter.

With the left hand, apply pressure to the base forward and to the right of the receiver. Insert and turn the windage knob carefully to engage the mating threads. Continue to turn the windage knob until the base is tightly seated against the right receiver ear.

E. Insert the pinion of the elevating knob assembly through the hole on the left side of the receiver ear, meshing the pinion teeth with the mating teeth of the aperture. Simultaneously align, by feel, the flat at the end of the pinion shaft with the mating contour of the lock, housed in the center of the windage knob. Thread the rear sight nut (in the windage knob) onto the pinion shaft. Some manipulation of the parts may be necessary to permit assembly. Tighten the rear sight nut until both elevating and windage knobs become inoperative. By backing off the rear sight nut one or more clicks (one-half-turn per click) both knobs will then become operative. The graduation mark on the rear sight base can then be aligned with the graduation mark on the receiver.

F. Tighten the rear sight elevation knob securely. Settings of various ranges are attained in terms of the number of clicks from the lowest position of the aperture once the sight has been "zeroed" in at the respective ranges. Once your sight settings have been established. the rear sight mechanism should be left intact to preserve sight zero.